By latitude and state of affairs, the Madeira Island has all of the traits of the subtropical island , mendacity parts of tropical islands on the south coast and the islands temperate north coast . The local weather is subtropical dry or temperate Mediterranean , and in sure components of the south coast , common temperatures attain values above 20 levels celsius .
The temperature of the ocean water, varies between 26 and 17 Summer season Winter . Prevailing winds are from the west northwest in winter and north in summer time ( the alíseos ) . Annual precipitation ranges from 500 mm within the southeast of the island to over 2000 mm within the northern slopes . The Wild islands which might be additionally a part of this archipelago has a desert local weather with rainfall under 200 mm yearly.
Madeira Climate image
Funchal has a Mediterranean local weather ( Csa based on the Köppen local weather classification ) four with delicate temperatures all year long, with the annual common of 19.6 º C. Not like different cities within the south coast of Madeira to Ponta do Sol , Paul do Mar and Jardim do Mar , common temperatures within the coldest months are located roughly 1 º C underneath a classification of tropical local weather with a dry season ( based on the Köppen local weather classification ) four . Might be differentiated two distinct seasons , though no giant variations between the 2 : the primary from October to March with common rainfall and common most temperatures ranging between 25 º C in October and 20 º C in January and February and the second from April to September, with low rainfall and common most temperatures ranging between 21 º C in April and 26 ° C in August and September.
The moisture degree stays fixed round 70 %, which leads to a extra pronounced notion of warmth respect to precise temperatures . The overall rainfall in the course of the wet season varies from 12 months to 12 months. The ocean water temperature varies between 18 º C and 19 º C in February and between 24 º C and 26 º C in August and September .
Because the metropolis is in a type of amphitheater with the ocean on one aspect and mountains on the opposite ( rising to 1800 meters above sea degree ) is kind of widespread register cloudiness , rain and wind at greater altitudes whereas sky cleaner in areas alongside the coast.
In early summer time , particularly in June , is often noticed a phenomenon known as ” helmet Funchal ” the place all the town’s bay is persistently coated in clouds for days on finish .
The warm ocean currents that surround the island help dictate the climate and mean an absence of extreme temperatures. The cooling winds that brush the island also contribute to pleasant summer temperatures. Humidity is not usually a problem on the island, being fairly stable throughout the year, with averages ranging from 67% to 72%.
The island’s climate is greatly affected by the winds that prevail in the region. The main wind affecting Madeira’s climate is the northeast trade wind that blows down from the Portuguese coast. Also playing an important role is the warm wind that occasionally blows from North Africa.
In February 2010, Madeira experienced some of the most intense storms the island has ever seen, resulting in flooding and landslides. At least 32 people died and more than 100 were seriously injured in the natural disaster, due to the consequences of the heavy rains.
The dramatic rainfall was the result of an Atlantic low pressure area and an active cold front over the Azores that moved northeastward on February 19, 2010.
This combination of weather conditions resulted in a series of storms that not only affected Madeira, but also saw strong winds, flooding and rainfall hit Portugal, Spain, Morocco and the Canary Islands.
Floods and landslides across the southern half of the island were the result of the extreme rainfall. Some places received in a few hours up to double the monthly average rainfall.
Autumn: September, October, November
Autumn arrives gently in September, and the weather is still warm and sunny in October and November, although there is a chance of rain, with around seven days of rain, a fairly low average for this time of year when compared to other places. Average temperatures are between 23°C and 17°C, which is actually better than the English summer. Therefore, this is still a great time to come to Madeira for those who prefer a quieter experience.
Winter: December, January, February
It’s a little difficult to really talk about winter in Madeira as it’s always summer in Madeira. During these months the average temperatures only drop about 4°C. Thus, during the daytime in Funchal it’s around 20ºC and at night it’s normally above 14ºC. Thus, this thermal amplitude is particularly appealing to tourists from Northern Europe, who seek Madeira as a winter sun destination. In terms of rainfall, the average is still some seven days of rain per month in December and January, with a slight improvement to six days in February. Keep in mind that Madeira grows bananas during winter.
Spring: March, April, May
With the arrival of spring, days get longer, rainfall tends to be lower and temperatures start rising in April and May. Around this time, the whole island is in bloom, attracting more and more tourists, eager to discover the great outdoors in this sunny piece of paradise.
Summer: June, July, August
Thanks to its excellent climate, this island is particularly popular with tourists during the summer months. Temperatures average a maximum of 24°C and a minimum of 17°C, so evenings are really pleasant and it is comfortably warm during the day (although temperatures can reach around 33°C when the east wind from the Sahara Desert blows for a few days). During these months it rains very little. In fact, in July and August it may not rain at all, except high up in the mountains, and only in late September does it rain a little.
The prevailing wind is the commercial north-easterly wind that gathers off the Portuguese coast and drifts down to the Cape Verde islands. It brings moisture and large swells to the north coast and often, particularly in the morning, adversely affects the weather at the eastern end of the island between Caniço and Caniçal. However, when the westerly winds blow, these areas can be surprisingly dry and sunny, while the south and west coasts can be cloudy. Translated with http://www.DeepL.com/Translator (free version) Translated with http://www.DeepL.com/Translator (free version)
More info in https://www.portugal.net/en/madeira/madeira-weather/